My brand new series of designs for notable microbiologists in history.
• Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek, born 1632, was a Dutch tradesman and scientist commonly known as “the Father of Microbiology”. He is considered to be the first microbiologist and is best known for his work on the improvement of the microscope. He was also the first to record microscopic observations of bacteria, muscle fibers, spermatozoa, and blood flow in capillaries.
• Alexander Fleming, born 1881, was a Scottish microbiologist best known for discovering the antibiotic substance penicillin from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain.
• Jonas Salk, born 1914, was an American medical researcher and virologist. He is one of the United States’s best known microbiologists, chiefly for his discovery and development of the first successful polio vaccine.
• Louis Pasteur, born 1822, was a French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to treat milk and wine in order to prevent it from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization.