Gregory Goodwin Pincus, born in 1903, was an American biologist who co-invented the first oral contraceptive (birth control). The invention of ‘the pill” had a huge impact on society and changed the way that women and relationships were viewed.
"It meant sex need not lead to pregnancy. But it wasn’t just another form of contraception, it was an equalizer, a liberator, and easy to take. For the first time in human history, a woman could control her sexuality and determine her readiness for reproduction by swallowing a pill smaller than an aspirin. Critics warned that The Pill would spawn generations of loose, immoral women; what it spawned was generations of empowered women who are better equipped to make rational choices about their lives." - Letty Cottin Pogrebin